Warts on the hands deliver many unpleasant minutes to their owner, cause constant discomfort and can cause psychological problems. Such neoplasms look extremely unsightly, forcing them to hide their hands and avoid close communication. Today we will talk about the reasons for their appearance, the variety of forms and how to get rid of warts on your hands.
Why do warts appear on the hands?
Warts are neoplasms of viral etiology, usually benign. The cause of warts on the hands is an infection with various types of HPV (human papilloma virus). Infection occurs through contact, the virus infects not only the skin but also the mucous membranes. The infection is transmitted from the carrier to a healthy person by shaking hands, using ordinary household items and personal hygiene products (towels, towels). Sometimes it is enough to just hold on to a railing, grab the doorknob or press an elevator button to let a harmful virus enter the body through microscopic damage to the skin (light scratch, abrasion or wound).
Consult a dermatologist for information on the causes and treatment of warts on the fingers. Experts warn that the virus that causes the characteristic growths is widespread in the environment. It reproduces especially actively in warm and humid conditions. The probability of HPV infection is high among lovers of water treatments, who often visit the pool, bath, sauna. Workers in poultry farms or meat and fish industries are particularly at risk. Any microtrauma can become a gateway for the virus to enter.
Quite often self-infection causes warts on the hands. Ugly growths in the nail area occur in those who have a habit of biting their fingers or biting their nails. You may also encounter an unpleasant problem after visiting a nail salon if hygiene standards are violated and instruments are not well sterilized.
The incubation period lasts from 2 to 6 months, but even in this case the characteristic growths may not form immediately. If a person has strong immunity, the virus goes into "sleep" mode and may not manifest itself for a long time. When the immune system is weakened, it "wakes up" and begins to multiply rapidly. There are a number of provoking external and internal factors that trigger the activation of the virus. In this list:
- recent infections;
- exacerbation of chronic pathologies;
- improper and unbalanced diet;
- hormonal disorders;
- bad habits;
- increased sweating;
- violation of hygiene standards;
- prolonged stressful situations.
Each of these factors contributes to the reduction of the body's defenses and activates the mechanism of reproduction of viral particles. To determine what causes warts on the hands, the dermatologist should after a diagnostic examination.
What is the danger
Warts are considered benign lesions. However, they can cause significant discomfort as they tend to grow and spread quickly. For example, growths on the back of the hand can spread to the fingers, increase in size, and form multiple groups.
The danger arises from accidental injury to warts or unsuccessful attempts to cauterize with aggressive solutions. The damaged tumor can bleed, injure, change color, size and shape. And this is already a serious cause for concern, as the risk of malignant transformation increases.
You can learn more about the causes and treatment of finger warts by meeting with your dermatologist. Warts on the fingers - the causes and treatment of this pathology are dealt with by a dermatologist. Only a specialist knows how to deal with the problem and what needs to be done to get rid of neoplasms forever. Do not self-medicate - this can lead to unpredictable consequences. Timely seeking medical help will help solve a delicate problem, avoid further spread of the virus and the formation of new warts.
Types of warts on the hands
There are more than a hundred types of warts that are caused by various modifications of HPV. What do warts look like on your hands? Pictures of different types of neoplasms are presented on our website.
The following types of neoplasms are localized on the skin and fingers:
Ordinary warts look like dense, rounded, irregularly shaped nodules with a rough surface. They can be of different colors (from flesh to dark brown), size and located in any part of the body (face, neck, head, legs, torso). In the area of the upper limbs, growths on the back of the hand and fingers are most often formed. Photo of warts on the hands gives a more complete picture of their structure and appearance.
Such neoplasms tend to merge. First, a large "mother" wart appears on the skin, around which smaller formations form over time. If you remove it, the remaining growths can disappear on their own. Vulgar warts are painless, do not cause much discomfort (except aesthetic).
A wart may appear on the finger next to the nail plate if the skin is injured during a manicure. But more often such growths are formed in children and adolescents who bite their nails. Nail warts are quite large and cause discomfort when writing or doing physical work. They have deep roots that invade the layers of the dermis under the nail bed. As a result, the nail becomes thinner and gradually worsens. The warts themselves look extremely unsightly, easily damaged, which threatens unwanted complications. In addition, the growths on the fingers are visible to others and are perceived as a cosmetic defect.
The dermatologist will tell you how to remove finger warts. Most often, experts advise the removal of such entities. A person with warts on their hands poses a threat to the people around them - you can get the virus from contact.
Such formations are a type of flat warts. More common in young people and elderly patients. They are formed in the zone of constant mechanical stress and maximum pressure. Flat warts on the hands look like thick growths, covered with a thick stratum corneum, rising slightly above the skin. They have a smooth surface, without bumps and roughness and deep roots extending into the dermis. The formation of growths may be accompanied by mild itching. Palmar growths are solitary, or grow, forming a kind of "mosaic" in the affected area.
The reason for the formation is the penetration of papilloma virus. Transmission of the pathogen occurs by handshake or contact with an infected surface. The treatment of palmar warts overgrown in large groups presents some difficulties. Such neoplasms are prone to recurrence, and can be painful and unpleasant when performing physical work. Their spread is facilitated by increased sweating and neglect of personal hygiene standards.
Flat warts can be confused with corns, so proper diagnosis is important for effective treatment. Based on the results of the examination, the doctor will decide how to get rid of flat warts on the hands and what methods of therapy will help to avoid further spread of the virus.
Senile warts or age-related keratomas occur in older and older people (after the age of 50). They look like keratinized pigmented plaques, which can reach several centimeters in diameter. The shape of such formations is flat or convex, the structure is loose, as the tissues are saturated with secretions of the sebaceous glands. When scraped, the top layer is easily removed, leaving a bleeding, inflamed surface beneath it.
Unlike other neoplasms, the appearance of senile keratomas has nothing to do with the papilloma virus. The growths are formed due to the uncontrolled growth of the surface layers of the epidermis. Therefore, you cannot get old warts. The main cause of keratomas is considered to be prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays and age-related changes.
First, a stain forms on the surface of the skin, which is practically indistinguishable from the color of the skin. It gradually grows, acquires a brown tinge and rises above the skin. The appearance of such papules resembles a thimble with grooves at the top. With further growth, the formation acquires a characteristic plaque shape and is covered with a horny layer. Under the loose scales are hidden many brushes, which are formed as a result of clogging of hair follicles.
The main place of localization of senile growths are the open parts of the body (face, neck, arms). Most often, multiple plaques form on the back of the hand. They are characterized by long-term development, in isolated cases such formations disappear on their own. In other situations, the keratoma can transform into a skin horn - a painful conical growth.
How to treat warts whose formation is not associated with papillomavirus? Senile keratomas can be large in diameter or form large groups of small warts. Protruding formations are easily damaged, which increases the risk of malignancy. These warts can develop into basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, it is necessary to control all changes that occur with the neoplasm.
A dermatologist knows how to treat warts on the hands. If you find suspicious formations that quickly increase in size, change color, hurt or bleed, you should consult a specialist as soon as possible. Suspicious growths should be removed by subsequent histological examination of the material.
An experienced doctor can make a preliminary diagnosis based on the appearance of the wart. Visual examination is complemented by dermatoscopy - examination of the neoplasm using a special magnifying glass device. At high magnification the structure of growth and characteristic features are clearly visible, which allows to distinguish it from other formations (pigmented nevi, papillomas, seborrheic keratoma). A blood test for PCR will help confirm the viral nature of the neoplasms.
If malignant transformation is suspected, a consultation with an oncologist is required. The patient is referred for an ultrasound and siascopic procedure, during which the formation is scanned with a special spectrophotometric device. After the diagnosis, the doctor chooses a treatment regimen or decides how to get rid of warts on the finger, hand or other area of the upper extremities in a more radical way.
Warts on the hands: treatment
The formation of warts is closely related to the reduction of immunity, therefore, therapy should be comprehensive, aimed at eliminating the underlying problems. It is necessary not only to block the reproduction of the virus, to remove growths, but also to restore the functions of the immune system to prevent recurrence. The essence of treatment procedures is the use of antiviral drugs, aggressive agents or hardware techniques that remove warts.
Treatment of warts and papillomas with drugs
The following groups of drugs are used to treat warts of a viral nature:
- antiviral drugs in the form of pills or injections;
- immunomodulatory drugs that restore the functions of the immune system;
- multivitamin complexes.
Antiviral agents for external treatment should be included in the complex treatment. The components of such drugs quickly penetrate the skin and stop the virus from multiplying. The dosage of the drug and the mode of administration are determined by the doctor, taking into account possible contraindications, the type of virus, the spread of neoplasms and other nuances. Senile keratomas are treated with surgery, cryotherapy or electrocoagulation.
Particularly popular are anti-wart remedies that contain aggressive chemicals that cauterize and mummify wart tissue. After consulting a doctor at home, you can use the following drugs:
A solution with celandine
This is an alkaline solution designed to remove warts, calluses or papillomas. The mechanism of action consists in the destruction of the structure of the neoplasm together with the root, due to which it dies. The instructions for use for warts are simple - you need to apply the solution on the growth, pre-steamed in hot water with a special applicator. It is recommended to lubricate the surrounding skin with Vaseline or baby cream to protect against chemical burns. The fact that the drug works will be indicated by a burning sensation. The treatment should be performed point by point, within 3-5 days. Darkening of the treated area indicates necrotization of the accumulated tissue. Within a week, the wart will die and fall off on its own.
Before using medication, you should carefully read the instructions to avoid unwanted complications.
There are several effective remedies for home cryotherapy. The essence of the method is to freeze the tissues of the wart with their subsequent necrotization. With their help it is possible to get rid of medium vulgar warts. To remove the neoplasm, you must apply the drug in spots and allow it to dry completely. The treated area will turn white, with accompanying slight burning. Soon the skin in the treated area will turn red and a blister will form at the site of the wart. It will take 10 to 14 days to completely remove the buildup. During this time, the wart, along with the root, will die and fall off, and the renewed skin will remain in its place.
Treatment of warts on the fingers and other parts of the upper extremities by radical methods is considered the most effective. Think of popular ways:
This is a method of removing neoplasms with high frequency current, during which the tissues of the warts are burned. Radiation seals blood vessels at the same time, which eliminates the risk of bleeding and infection. A wound remains at the site of the wart, which is soon covered with a crust. This method is best suited for removing small growths.
The disadvantages of electrocoagulation are the likelihood of scarring and the inability to send tissue growth for histological examination. This method is very suitable for removing senile keratomas. To avoid the re-formation of the accumulation, at the end of the procedure the base of the wart is cauterized.
The essence of this method is to freeze the tissues of the neoplasm with liquid nitrogen. It does not guarantee 100% of the absence of subsequent recurrences, therefore, after removal of the frozen wart, curettage is required - the wound is cleaned of the remnants of necrotic masses, trying to remove the deep root. The procedure is quite effective, uncomplicated and inexpensive, allows you to remove growths on any part of the body. Among the disadvantages of the method, experts note the possibility of damage to healthy tissues in case of accidental contact with liquid nitrogen.
This is one of the most modern, comfortable and safe procedures that ensures no recurrences and unwanted complications. During the session, the laser beam evaporates the pathological tissues layer by layer, penetrating to a strictly defined depth. Precise tools provide targeted action that eliminates the possibility of damage to healthy skin. This is a bloodless procedure - laser treatment coagulates blood vessels and at the same time disinfects the surgical field.
The main advantages of the method are the absence of complications and recurrences and a short period of rehabilitation. If you are deciding how to remove a finger wart with maximum effectiveness and painlessness, choose this method. The use of a laser ensures the absence of scars and prevents further spread of the infection. In place of the removed wart remains a small crust, which will fall off on its own after 7-10 days.
This is the latest way of non-invasive surgery. It is absolutely painless and fast - removes the accumulation in just a few minutes. At the same time excludes the development of bleeding, the likelihood of infection and related complications. The energy of high-frequency radio waves instantly evaporates the tissue, while cauterizing the capillaries. In this case, there is no direct contact of the electrode with the skin surface. The impact is performed at a strictly defined depth, the adjacent healthy tissues are not damaged. Using a radio knife allows you to avoid recurrence, as it prevents the spread of infection by hematogenous route.
Classical wart excision surgery is used when it is necessary to remove a large group of pathological neoplasms. The growths are cut under local anesthesia, and cosmetic sutures are placed on the wounds. In the absence of complications, they are removed after 10 days. The removed tissue should be sent for histological examination. General antiviral and immunostimulatory therapy is provided to prevent recurrence during the recovery period. Further prognosis and risk of recurrence will depend on the state of the immune system.
The earlier you start treatment for any type of wart, the greater the likelihood of a favorable outcome. Don't waste time and treat yourself. If neoplasms appear, you should immediately contact a dermatologist and decide on the choice of the optimal method of therapy.